Copenhagen is an old city with evidence of buildings dating back to 700 A.D. In the 12th century the city started to grow due to its placement between the Cathedral cities in Lund and Roskilde and its good defensive position. In 1443 the city became the residence city of the royal family and in 1479 the University of Copenhagen was founded and the city became the most important in Denmark. In the 18th century Copenhagen was the victim to the worst plague epidemic in its history and 3 fires destroying much of the inner city and Christiansborg, the home of the royal family at the time. And finally in 1801 it was bombarded by the British. In the 19th century the king gave up his absolute monarchy and the city became industrial.
Sadly much of the old city from the middle ages is no longer here today because of the wildfires in the 18th century but it is still a beautiful city a worthwhile to take a walk through one of its many parks and see some of the old buildings like Amalienborg, which is the home of the royal family. There are also lots of museums where you can explore different aspects of the city. You can go shopping on Strøget or go for a walk along the habour and much more.
In Denmark, we use our own local currency called “Danske Kroner” or DKK which means danish crowns. It is very rare for shops to accept euros so if you want to pay with cash we recommend that you bring it from home or use an ATM. However, the easiest way to pay is by credit card since almost every shop accepts them.
The value of the DKK is tied to the value of the euro, with an almost constant conversion rate of: 1 EUR = 7.5 DKK.
In Denmark, we speak our own language, Danish. It is much like the other Scandinavian languages, especially the written language. But even though English is not the native language of Denmark, many Danes still speak English.
Tipping is voluntary and not expected.
Conversations with strangers are not common in Denmark. We usually do not speak with people we do not know if we do not have to but danish people are still happy to help if you ask them a question. Therefor public transportation may seem very quiet for some people.
The climate in Denmark follows the four seasons of the northern hemisphere but temperatures can vary considerably during the year. July and August are normally the warmest time of the year with an average temperature of 20 degrees Celsius/68 degrees Fahrenheit. February is generally the coldest with an average of 2 degrees Celsius/35 degrees Fahrenheit. In the summer months, the weather is usually warm enough to go all in on summer out, however, we recommend that you bring a set of warm clothes and a jacket as it can get cooler and start to rain.
FREE THINGS TO DO IN COPENHAGEN
Copenhagen can be expensive if you try things like going to Tivoli but visiting Copenhagen can be done cheaply. There are a lot of free things to do in Copenhagen, many of them within walking distance of the city centre. For more info click here.